Department Profile

HISTORY

The history of Land Administration dates back to the olden days of kings and Kingdoms. The Land Revenue was the major source of revenue for the kings. The present system of preparing and maintaining land records originated from the Moghul period and it reached its scientific form during the British rule.

During the British times the Revenue Department was the pivot of Administration. The Board of Revenue that wielded extraordinary powers administered it. The Collector was the virtual monarch at the District.

MADRAS BOARD OF REVENUE

In Andhra area the Board of Revenue was established in Madras State in1786 with the sanction of the Court of Directors of East India Company. The Board subject to the control of Governor had to superintend the whole administration, collect revenue and control subordinates. It marked the beginning of departmentalizing the functions of Government.

The Revenue Regulation in 1803 de linked administration of Civil Justice from Board. It gave statutory foundation to the Board and spelled out its main duties like Collection of Revenue, recommending sources for augmenting the income of the Government and punishing the subordinate.

In 1849 decentralization was introduced. The Board of Revenue Act 1883 dispensed with the Collective nature of the Board. Each member was assigned some subjects and his orders were treated as those of the board. In 1894 the Board received operational freedom when the condition that all the orders given by Board need Government approval to be effective was dispensed. Senior members of ICS were selected as members.

The Board seems to have received a setback from 1916 to 1926 when its jurisdiction shrank. Separate Departments were constituted and certain sources of Revenue were transferred to Center. However from 1937 it regained its importance. Further in the wake of Independence it was asked to coordinate Food Production, Community Development and National Extension Service.

ANDHRA BOARD OF REVENUE

With the formation of separate Andhra State the Andhra Board of Revenue was formed in 1953. It was a replica of Madras board. But it has only 2 members where as Madras Board has 5 members drawn from ICS. It was the link between the Government and the Districts. The first member was senior even to the then Chief Secretary to Government.

TELANGANA BOARD OF REVENUE

The Prime Minister of Hyderabad, Sir Salar Jung, constituted a board of revenue for the first time in 1864.In 1885 it was abolished and Inspector General at State Level was appointed. In 1893, the assistant Minister of revenue, Vkar-ul-Umra, was appointed as the Prime Minister and to fill this gap a Revenue Board was created for the third time. It was abolished in 1901 and the post of Revenue Secretary was revived. He was also designated as Director General of Revenue in 1928. Thus the Secretariat and executive functions were combined. This arrangement continued till 1945 when the Board of Revenue was created for the fourth time purely as an appellate body. Its life ended by 1949.Meanwhile Hyderabad merged with the Union of India.

Then for the fifth time the board of Revenue in erstwhile State of Hyderabad was established under a Regulation issued in 1949. (Regulation LX of 1358 Fasli). The Hyderabad board as it existed in 1956 was by and large modeled on Madras pattern. However it had four members who were Secretaries to Government whereas in Madras they were seniors to Secretaries though next to Chief Secretary. The Senior Member of the Telangana Board functioned also as the Development Commissioner and was designated as ex officio Secretary to Government.

In 1849 decentralization was introduced. The Board of Revenue Act 1883 dispensed with the Collective nature of the Board. Each member was assigned some subjects and his orders were treated as those of the board. In 1894 the Board received operational freedom when the condition that all the orders given by Board need Government approval to be effective was dispensed. Senior members of ICS were selected as members.

The Board seems to have received a setback from 1916 to 1926 when its jurisdiction shrank. Separate Departments were constituted and certain sources of Revenue were transferred to Center. However from 1937 it regained its importance. Further in the wake of Independence it was asked to coordinate Food Production, Community Development and National Extension Service.

TELANGANA BOARD OF REVENUE

The Prime Minister of Hyderabad, Sir Salar Jung, constituted a board of revenue for the first time in 1864.In 1885 it was abolished and Inspector General at State Level was appointed. In 1893, the assistant Minister of revenue, Vkar-ul-Umra, was appointed as the Prime Minister and to fill this gap a Revenue Board was created for the third time. It was abolished in 1901 and the post of Revenue Secretary was revived. He was also designated as Director General of Revenue in 1928. Thus the Secretariat and executive functions were combined. This arrangement continued till 1945 when the Board of Revenue was created for the fourth time purely as an appellate body. Its life ended by 1949.Meanwhile Hyderabad merged with the Union of India.

Then for the fifth time the board of Revenue in erstwhile State of Hyderabad was established under a Regulation issued in 1949. (Regulation LX of 1358 Fasli). The Hyderabad board as it existed in 1956 was by and large modeled on Madras pattern. However it had four members who were Secretaries to Government whereas in Madras they were seniors to Secretaries though next to Chief Secretary. The Senior Member of the Telangana Board functioned also as the Development Commissioner and was designated as ex officio Secretary to Government.

CHIEF COMMISSIONARATE OF TELANGANA (CCLA)

Consequent on abolition of erstwhile Board of Revenue, the commissioners of Survey Settlements & Land Records & ULC were created and which were replaced by the Chief Commissioner of Land Administration vide G.O.MS.No.59, Rev, (DA), Dt:21.01.1999.

Survey, Settlement & Land Records and Urban Land Ceiling Departments. He exercises statutory functions and general superintendence over all his subordinates. In the case of Survey, Settlement Land Records and Urban Land Ceiling Departments he has a supervisory and statuary role. The concerned Commissioner and the Special Officer deal the routine administration respectively. He is the link Between the Government and the administration. He monitors and guides the District Collectors and advises the Government in all policy matters.

The post of Commissioner Appeals is created to share some of the responsibilities of Chief Commissioner of Land Administration. Further one judicial officer in the rank of Commissioner Legal Affairs has been newly created to give his legal advice wherever necessary.

In carrying out the different functions 3 Principal officers in I.A.S cadre i.e., Secretary to CCLA, Joint Secretary to CCLA and Project Director (CMRO) Project, assist the Chief Commissioner of land Administration. In the year 2003 another officer in the cadre of IAS, designated as Special Commissioner was appointed to assist the Chief Commissioner of Land Administration. So the subjects are divided among these 4 officers. Further 3 Assistant Secretaries in the cadre of Special Grade/ Ordinary Deputy Collectors and 3 Additional Assistant Secretaries in the cadre of Deputy Collectors drawn from Commissionerate services assist them. The Assistant secretaries are in charge of different subjects as per their work distribution. Each Assistant Secretary/Additional Assistant Secretary looks after 2 to 3 Sections. A Superintendent heads each section. 1 to 2 Assistants and a typist assist him.

Govt of India in its Gazette notification 6 of 2014,Dt:01.03.2014 have published the A.P reorganisation Act-2014 in which it was proposed to bifurcate A.P state. Accordingly state bifurcated , and Telangana State formed on 02.06.2014.

After bifurcation, In Telangana State CCLA office, In carrying out the different functions 3 Principal officers in I.A.S cadre i.e., Secretary to CCLA, Commissioner (Legal affairs) and Special Commissioner assist the Chief Commissioner of land Administration. Subsequently, the Special Commissioner was re-designated as Principal Commissioner vide G.O. Rt.No253, General Administration (SC.A),Department, Dt:23.01.2015 . So the subjects are divided among these 4 officers. Further 3 Assistant Secretaries in the cadre of Special Grade/ Ordinary Deputy Collectors and 3 Additional Assistant Secretaries in the cadre of Deputy Collectors drawn from Commissionerate services assist them. The Assistant secretaries are in charge of different subjects as per their work distribution. Each Assistant Secretary/Additional Assistant Secretary looks after 2 to 3 Sections. A Superintendent heads each section. 1 to 2 Assistants and a typist assist him.

organogram

The Collectorates play a pivotal role in the District administration. There are 31 Collectorates in the Telangana State. A Collector in the Cadre of I.A.S heads the District. He acts as the District Magistrate for maintaining Law and Order in his jurisdiction. He deals mainly with planning and development, law and order, scheduled areas/agency areas, general elections, arms licensing etc.

The Joint Collector who also belongs to the I.A.S Cadre were used to run the Revenue administration under various enactments in the District, till the creation of 21 Districts in Telangana .After Formation of the New Districts Non I.A.S Cadre Joint Collectors have been appropriate who are looking after the duities of Joint Collectors with some modifications

The District Revenue Officer (DRO) in the Cadre of Special Grade Deputy Collectors assists the Collector and Joint Collector in discharging their duties. The District Revenue Officer looks after all the branches of the Collectorate. He deals mainly with general administration and is vested with supervision of day-to-day functions of the Collectorate.

The administrative Officer in the rank of a Tahsildar is the general assistant to the Collector. He directly supervises all the sections in the Collectorate and most of the files are routed through him.

The Collectorate is divided into 8 sections as per the administrative reforms taken up by the Government of Andhra Pradesh. An alphabet letter is given to each section for easy reference.

Section A: Deals with Establishment and Office Procedures.

Section B: Deals with Accounts and audit.

Section C: Deals with Magisterial (Court/Legal) matters.

Section D: Deals with Land Revenue and relief.

Section E: Deals with Land Administration.

Section F: Deals with Land Reforms.

Section G: Deals with Land Acquisition.

Section H: Deals with Protocol, Elections and Residuary work

Each District is divided into Sub divisions for administrative convenience. A Sub division is headed by a Revenue Divisional Officer in the rank of a Deputy Collector or a Sub – Collector in Cadre of IAS. He is the Sub Divisional Magistrate having jurisdiction over his division. An administrative Officer in the Cadre of a Tahsildar assists in administration. The Sub divisional Offices are a replica of Collectorate in the matter of number of sections and they act as intermediary in the administrative setup. There are 68 divisions in Telangana State. Each division consists of a few Mandals whose performance is constantly monitored by the concerned Divisional Office.

There are 584 Mandals in the state after the formation of New mandals and New districts in Telangana, The Mandals have been formed in Telangan to bring administration to the doorsteps of Citizens and make all the public services easily available to them. So at present we have a 4 tier district administrative set up with the Mandal playing an important role in administration at the grass root level.

A gazetted Tahsildar heads the Mandals. The Tahsildar is vested with the same powers and functions of tahsildars of erstwhile Taluks including magisterial powers. Tahsildar heads the Tahsildar office. Tahsildar provides the interface between the government and public within his jurisdiction. He initiates welfare measures within his jurisdiction. The Tahsildar assists the higher authorities in collecting information and conducting inquiries. He provides feedback to the district administration that helps in decision-making at higher levels of administration.

The Deputy Tahsildar/ Superintendent, Mandal Revenue Inspector, Superintendent, Mandal Surveyor, Assistant Statistical Officer and Other Ministerial Staff.

The Deputy Tahsildar/ Superintendent supervises the day today functions of Tahsildar’s office and deals mainly with general administration. Most of the files are routed through him. He monitors all the sections in the Tahsildar’s office.

The (Mandal Revenue Inspector) MRI assists the Tahsildar in conducting inquiries and inspections. He supervises the Village Secretaries. He inspects crop fields (Azmoish), writes Sharas (field inspection details) in Pahani, collects land revenue, non-agricultural land assessment and other dues and keeps close watch on the villages within his jurisdiction to maintain law and order,

The (Mandal Revenue Inspector) MRI assists the Tahsildar in conducting inquiries and inspections. He supervises the Village Secretaries. He inspects crop fields (Azmoish), writes Sharas (field inspection details) in Pahani, collects land revenue, non-agricultural land assessment and other dues and keeps close watch on the villages within his jurisdiction to maintain law and order,

The Assistant Statistical Officer (ASO), who is under the overall control of Chief Planning Officer at the District and Directorate of Economics and Statistics at the State Level, maintains data related to rainfall, crops and population. He conducts crop estimate tests. He inspects crops to submit crop condition details. He prepares periodical reports on births and deaths and assists the Tahsildar in conduct of livestock census, population census and other surveys taken up by the government from time to time. Tahsildar sends reports on above items to the District collector. Later these are sent to the department of economics and statistics and planning department at government level.

The Mandal Surveyor, who belongs to the Survey Settlement and Land Records Department, assists the Tahsildar in survey operations. Chain Man assists Mandal Surveyor in his duties.

As per the administrative reforms the various sections in the Tahsildar Office are:

Section A: Office procedure and financial activities,

Section A: Office procedure and financial activities,

Section B: Land Related activities,

Section C: Civil Supplies, Pension Schemes etc.

Section D: Establishment, Natural Calamities,

Section E: Issue of Caste, income, nativity etc; certificates.

Earlier Patwaries/ Karanams ran the Village Level administration up to 1981 and later Village administrative Officers who was a part time functionary looked after revenue functions. He was responsible to revenue hierarchy. But in 2001 as a part of strengthening Local bodies Panchayat Secretaries were created combining the revenue and Panchayat functions. Again the village Revenue officers were delinked with Grampanchayaths and given the duities of only Revenue Department. There are village Revenue Assistants in each Village to assist the village Revenue Officcers in day to day Adminstration. The number of Village Revenue Assistants varies depending upon the area, population and irrigation sources of the village. The entire village is divided among the Village Revenue Assistants for convenient administration. Village Revenue Assistants provide complete information about their areas in all aspects.

Disclaimer : The Information placed in this website is provided for tahsildars and other revenue employees, it may also be useful to general public. All the information available here is taken from various sources like official websites, other relevant websites and printed material available with different offices and individuals.

The visitors who use this website and rely on any information do so at their own risk. Users must seek authentic clarification from the official Sources for information. The Telangana tahsildars Association will not responsible for errors in information provided or inconvenience caused to readers.